Hepatitis E infectious agents such as bacteria parasites fungi and viruses have different effects on livestock production with a generally negative affect virus, in particular, can cause different diseases in humans and animals.the greatest transmission risk for zoonotic diseases found in human-animal interaction through direct or indirect exposure to products waste or the environment. hepatitis e is considered an emerging zoonotic disease and constitutes a risk to public safety because of the propagation of previously unknown infectious diseases in humans that emerge out of animal populations. this makes it necessary to implement specific preventive interventions among the different actors involved starting from primary production in this case pig farming and going through the rest of the stages of the production and commercial process. this involves people in the general population people in direct contact with animals zootechnicians veterinarians as well as occupational and public health professionals. hepatitis is defined as the inflammation of the liver tissue that can happen as a consequence of an infection by a microorganism or as a consequence of intoxications. o a consequence de intoxication. if we are going to classify them different types of hepatitis.
Causes Of Hepatitis E
hepatitis e virus is transmitted primarily via the fecal-oral route because of fecal contamination in drinking water. other transmission vectors that have been observed are food through the ingestion of products made from infected animals such as livers or raw or undercooked intestines. zoonotic meaning it can be transmitted from animals to humans through transfusion of infected blood products and vertical transmission from the pregnant mother to the fetus. hepatitis e is one of the types with the fewest reported cases worldwide, however, it is very important in central and East Asian countries. let us remember that transmission of hepatitis e has a lot to do with sanitary systems in countries where there is not adequate disposal of excrement r access to potable water the risk of transmission is very high patients that are infected secrete hepatitis e particles in their feces these can contaminate water sources contaminate food and other people with access to this water and these contaminated foods will be infected that´s why in a country like Sudan which is a country that its long been at war which has very deficient sanitary services there was towards the end of 2012 and beginning of this year a major epidemic outbreak a refugee center.
Symptoms of Hepatitis E
the clinical presentation of hepatitis e is comprised of especially acute symptoms although -the incubation period of the illness between 4 and 8 weeks; with an average for 6 weeks.
-fever and exhibit jaundice which is the yellow pigmentation in the skin the mucosa and on the white of the eye.
narrator symptomatic transmission is more frequent in people ages 15 to 40. there is also a the great risk to pregnant women and to immunosuppressed individuals whose immune system is weakened due to transplants leukemia hiv and others. the majority of hepatitis e cases are self-limiting this means that the patient presents the illness and has some symptoms for a period of time and 2 or 3 weeks after presenting this general malaise the patient will recover from this jaundice; even without treatment. however, the people we mentioned before or those groups such as people with compromised immune systems or pregnant women are an important population because in this type of populations complications can appear such as virulent hepatitis that can kill a patient.
How is Hepatitis Diagnosed?
the first set of tests is called liver functions test. these tests are assessed to find out if the liver is functioning properly or not.if someones liver function tests are abnormal further tests can be performed to determine the reasons as to why the liver isn’t functioning normally as it should. these include screening tests for hepatitis b c or e.if these tests are positive it means that the patient has been exposed to the hepatitis b c or e.
polymerase chain reaction PCR
polymerase chain reaction means the quantity of the virus in the patients blood. we can assess from this if the virus is rapidly multiplying in the patient’s body or if its inactive.a commonly asked question regarding pcr test is the different between quantitative and qualitative pcr test. qualitative pcr test determines the presence or absence of the virus in the blood and quantitative determines the amount of the virus present.